ICALON: Studies on urban heat island
The processes of urbanization and industrialization can improve life quality of rcity residents by the introduction of elements that enhance comfort. However, certain improvements in the material aspect may bring adverse problems to humans, such as increase of industrial waste, noise, air pollution, among others. In addition to impacts at global level, urbanization and industrialization severely modify the urban climate due to factors related to the use of synthetic materials in buildings and paving, shape of cities, heat generated by human activities, removal of surface waters and the presence of pollutants in the air.
One of the consequences of human actions and changes the physical landscape and the city is the rise of the urban heat island (UHI). UHI refers to a thermal anomaly in which the surface temperature of urban air is characterized by being higher than the rural neighborhood.
This project aims to conduct a quantitative analysis of the heat island in the city of Londrina (in southern Brazil) using in situ measurements of air temperature, relative humidity, remote sensing and numerical modeling.